A GHANTA detector is a device that contains a physical mechanism or electronic sensor that quantifies motion that can be either integrated with or connected to other devices that alert the user of the presence of a moving object within the field of view. They form a vital component of comprehensive security systems, for both homes and businesses.
An electronic motion detector contains a motion sensor that transforms the detection of motion into an electric signal. This can be achieved by measuring optical or acoustical changes in the field of view. Most motion detectors can detect up to 15–25 meters (50–80 feet).
A motion detector may be connected to a burglar alarm that is used to alert the home owner or security service after it detects motion. Such a detector may also trigger a red light camera or outdoor lighting.
An occupancy sensor is a motion detector that is integrated with a timing device. It senses when motion has stopped for a specified time period in order to trigger a light extinguishing signal. These devices prevent illumination of unoccupied spaces like public toilets.
There are basically three types of sensors used in motion detectors spectrum:
Passive infrared sensors (PIR) - Looks for body heat. No energy is emitted from the sensor.
Ultrasonic (active)- sends out pulses and measures the reflection off a moving object.
Microwave (active)- Sensor sends out microwave pulses and measures the reflection off a moving object. Similar to a police radar gun.
Dual-technology motion detectors:
Many modern motion detectors use a combination of different technologies. These dual-technology detectors benefit with each type of sensor, and false alarms are reduced. All companies have the option to use PIR/Microwave Motion Detectors that have "Pet-Immune" functions which allow the detector to ignore pets that weigh up to 36 kg (79 pounds). Placement of the sensors can be strategically mounted so as to lessen the chance of pets errantly activating alarms.
Often, PIR technology will be paired with another model to maximize accuracy and reduce energy usage. PIR draws less energy than microwave detection, and so many sensors are calibrated so that when the PIR sensor is tripped, it activates a microwave sensor. If the latter also picks up an intruder, then the alarm is sounded. As interior motion detectors do not ‘see’ through windows or walls, motion-sensitive outdoor lighting is often recommended to enhance comprehensive efforts to protect your property.
False alarms are those usually caused by technical errors such as electrical and mechanical failures. Nuisance alarms are system activations not commonly caused by attackers or inturders but rather from wind blown debris, animals, insects and foliage.
Sequencing alarm systems to trip the alert mechanism only when both alarm sensors have been activated will reduce nuisance alarms, but may also cause the probability of detection to decrease.
|Dakota Alert MURS-BS-KIT (DK-MURS-BS-KIT) Long Range Alert System Kit. Includes one WMT-3000 wireless motion alert MURS transmitter and one M538-BS base station transceiver- Ideal for use in fixed locations such as homes shops or offices. Ability to monitor activity in remote locations, MURS transmitter utilizes passive infrared sensor technology, Transceiver notifies you that someone has entered a monitored area in real time, Alert signals in spoken English, Separate zones can be monitored at the same time. Retails for $150 to $165.
||Driveway Patrol Security Alarm System is an infrared sensor that alerts you when someone crosses its path. When placed across the driveway or on your porch, a pleasant chime will sound alerting you that someone has come onto your property. Simply place the sensor by the front door, garage, mailbox, or anywhere else near your home and the unit will send a signal to its receiver (up to 400 feet away). Driveway Patrol Security Alarm System is weather resistant, installs easily with only a screwdriver, and only needs one 9 V and 3 "C" batteries, not included. Retails for around $15.